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Why cats do this . . . #6323646
09/12/18 09:46 PM
09/12/18 09:46 PM
Joined: Mar 2012
Posts: 1,607
Nevadafornia
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Lazarus Online content OP
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Lazarus  Online Content OP
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Nevadafornia
Have you ever noticed how bobcats move through their habitat? Its a slow, steady, halting sort of pace. In contrast to some predators like coyotes or foxes, who move quite rapidly through their terrain, cats seem to be taking their own sweet time. So you might ask, are cats slow? Lazy? Or just cautious?

One reason for their slow gait has to do with how they detect prey. Cats, and most every other predator, visually detect prey using a system of image formation. That is, they have in their mind an image of what the prey looks like, and as they search through their habitat, they are looking for patterns, shapes, or colors which match the pre-formed image of the prey. It's really no different than what you and I do when we go deer hunting, for example. Successful deer hunters don't go wandering around looking for a broadside image of a mousy-brown deer with large antlers. Rather, experienced deer hunters look for patches of white, subtle movements like the flick of an ear or the twitch of a tail. We have in our mind, an image of what our prey looks like so we go tromping around looking for patterns that correspond with our pre-formed image.

Canines, on the other hand, use image formation less, and their nose much more. Certainly a hungry coyote has in mind what a hiding rabbit looks like, and is seeking a corresponding matching pattern of shape and color. However, canines depend much more on their noses to detect and verify the identity of their prey. Look at the size of a bobcat's eyes in relation to the rest of its body and you can quickly see that while they have a keen sense of smell, their forward-placed eyes are one of their primary detection senses.

In order to combat a cat's method of using image formation to locate prey, the prey animals themselves have evolved to use crypsis to counteract the image formed by a hungry bobcat. Crypsis is a camouflage of any of the sensory indicators (sight, sound, smell, etc)that give away the prey's location or identity. For example, an obvious form of crypsis is a hen pheasant and her drab-brown-dappled plumage. Contrasted to the bright, colorful rooster bird, the hen uses visual crypsis to hide from a hungry cat. Not to be outdone, bobcats (and other predators) are always "adjusting" their image formation to account for these variations. In effect, its always an "arms race" between predators and prey as the prey animals use varying camouflage techniques to avoid predators, and predators have to sharpen their detection skills.

One way a bobcat seeks to overcome crypsis is by altering its search rate. That is, it slows down its gait, allowing it to more thoroughly search for the image patterns of the prey it seeks. Several studies have discussed how altering the search rate by predators enhances not only the predator's ability to visually locate its prey, but it also counteracts the prey's attempted camouflage by allowing the predator to sort of "pick apart" the landscape rather than gloss over a jumbled set of images. Contrast the bobcat's hunting style with a coyote for example. The cat works slowly, carefully placing its feet so as not to alert a potential prey animal that it is near. The coyote, on the other hand, works quickly, steadily, almost like a land-based shark always in motion to constantly sense the air for the smell of its next meal. Once prey is detected, the coyote usually rushes its prey, while the cat sneaks as close as possible before making one short dash to seize its meal.

What does it all have to do with trapping? Well, a number of things but one obvious conclusion would be to use visual objects that correspond to the image formed by your intended target animal. For example, I know a successful -- and outside-the-box thinker -- bobcat trapper who uses full color, life-size cottontail silhouettes at some of his bobcat sets. They are set up under a bush in a natural location for a bunny to hide, and then he uses trail sets to catch the cats as they hunt the faux bunny. There has been much debate over the types of visual attractors that work best on bobcats. Everyone has their favorite. However, those visual objects that correspond to a bobcat's image formation patterns would seem to work the best. It may be as simple as small tufts of polyfil used to represent small bits of fur, or a brown piece of faux fur with a string for a tail to mimic a mouse. Reid Aiton of California used to sell a faux fur "critter" with big doll eyes for use in cage trapping. Those big doll eyes were the same shape and color as a jackrabbit's eyes and I'm sure many a bobcat met his fate because his image formation of a rabbit corresponded to Reid's deceptive critter eyes.

Conversely, some visual attractors like aluminum foil balls, CD's, and other objects may work from time to time to attract a cat, but they do little to resemble a prey animal or another bobcat. Do they work? Sure! Why? Again, scientist hypothesize that cats investigate these unusual objects for two reasons. One reason for closer inspection is due to the cat's near-sightedness. The cat simply has to get closer to determine with visual acuity what the object really is. Second, remember that arms race analogy I made at the beginning of this piece? Well, cats are always on the lookout for prey animals/birds trying to fool their eyesight by masquerading in some form other than the common image formation typically used by the cat. As a result, almost any strange object bears closer inspection to avoid being fooled by a clever camouflage tactic. However, once a cat gets close enough to determine that the object is not food or companionship, it generally loses interest rather quickly.

Good luck on the bobcat trapline!

Last edited by Lazarus; 09/13/18 04:38 PM.

For SILVER VINE and the latest in visual attractors:
www.wyldwingsproductions.com
Re: Why cats do this . . . [Re: Lazarus] #6323649
09/12/18 09:53 PM
09/12/18 09:53 PM
Joined: Jul 2012
Posts: 1,166
Nebraska
WadeRyan Offline
trapper
WadeRyan  Offline
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Nebraska
Thanks, good read. I enjoy your informative posts.


Eventually everything must die.
Re: Why cats do this . . . [Re: Lazarus] #6323652
09/12/18 09:55 PM
09/12/18 09:55 PM
Joined: May 2010
Posts: 1,402
The great cage state Colorado
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Monster Toms Offline
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The great cage state Colorado
Excellent read as always!
It also explains how when calling in cat country, most cats materialize out of thin air just sitting there looking for the rabbit.


Consignment agent for the Colorado Fur Auction
Accepting fur in any amount from anywhere. Thanks for your support!!

Re: Why cats do this . . . [Re: Lazarus] #6323655
09/12/18 09:59 PM
09/12/18 09:59 PM
Joined: Jan 2013
Posts: 822
NW Tennessee
petey Online content
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petey  Online Content
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NW Tennessee
Another good one Mr Truman. Thank ya sir.

Re: Why cats do this . . . [Re: Monster Toms] #6323656
09/12/18 10:00 PM
09/12/18 10:00 PM
Joined: Mar 2012
Posts: 1,607
Nevadafornia
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Lazarus Online content OP
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Lazarus  Online Content OP
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Originally Posted By: Monster Toms
Excellent read as always!
It also explains how when calling in cat country, most cats materialize out of thin air just sitting there looking for the rabbit.


Amen to that brother . . . and why you generally see coyotes coming a ways off, bounding along looking directly at the source of the sound.


For SILVER VINE and the latest in visual attractors:
www.wyldwingsproductions.com
Re: Why cats do this . . . [Re: Lazarus] #6323658
09/12/18 10:02 PM
09/12/18 10:02 PM
Joined: Mar 2011
Posts: 4,713
Montana ,Rocky mtns.
Sharon Offline
"American Honey"
Sharon  Offline
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Montana ,Rocky mtns.
Well written !

Love to enjoy and observe animal behaviors.

Re: Why cats do this . . . [Re: Lazarus] #6323659
09/12/18 10:04 PM
09/12/18 10:04 PM
Joined: Dec 2010
Posts: 15,190
Central, SD
Law Dog Online content
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Law Dog  Online Content
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Central, SD
Used a tail cam on a dam crossing this cam was a few feet off of the trail so out of the natural travel way, the only things that stood out was the box was all black or red light must of attracted the cat to check it out.





Was born in a Big City Will die in the Country OK with that!

Jerry Herbst
Re: Why cats do this . . . [Re: Lazarus] #6323677
09/12/18 10:24 PM
09/12/18 10:24 PM
Joined: May 2014
Posts: 549
Ohio/Iowa
Hunting Girl Offline
trapper
Hunting Girl  Offline
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Ohio/Iowa
Very interesting!
One day I will catch a bobcat...

Why haven't you written this into an article for a trapping magazine yet?? grin


-Lydia

What you do today matters. Pass it on
Always stay Humble and Kind
OSTA-ISTA-NTA
Re: Why cats do this . . . [Re: Hunting Girl] #6323681
09/12/18 10:29 PM
09/12/18 10:29 PM
Joined: Mar 2012
Posts: 1,607
Nevadafornia
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Lazarus Online content OP
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Lazarus  Online Content OP
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Originally Posted By: Hunting Girl


Why haven't you written this into an article for a trapping magazine yet?? grin


Not every trapper gets or reads trapping magazines. It was a thought I had after a friend asked a question last week so I thought it would be a topic for the internet trappers to kick around.


For SILVER VINE and the latest in visual attractors:
www.wyldwingsproductions.com
Re: Why cats do this . . . [Re: Lazarus] #6323683
09/12/18 10:30 PM
09/12/18 10:30 PM
Joined: Aug 2011
Posts: 17,464
james bay frontierOnt.
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Boco Online content
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james bay frontierOnt.

A little dab of ferguslures felix s on a flyer gets em.

Last edited by Boco; 09/12/18 10:37 PM.
Re: Why cats do this . . . [Re: Lazarus] #6323688
09/12/18 10:47 PM
09/12/18 10:47 PM
Joined: Jan 2012
Posts: 4,808
Cole County MO
M
Michael Morris Offline
"Hombre que mata demasiadas cosas"
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Cole County MO
Good stuff as always Tracy. Thanks for sharing smile


You'll always be successful if you perform to the limits of your ability

http://www.derricks-nm.com/
http://www.montanatrappingsupplies.com/
Re: Why cats do this . . . [Re: Lazarus] #6323759
09/13/18 12:25 AM
09/13/18 12:25 AM
Joined: Dec 2013
Posts: 5,887
Northern MN
O
Osky Online content
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Osky  Online Content
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Northern MN
Excellent read. I have watched so many doddling into the call over the years it makes me batty thinking of them. They can be coming along nicely to a horribly dying free meal and a late season bug flies up and off they go in that direction.

They are not hard to trap at all Lydia, don't over think them it's all about location.

Osky


"A womans heart is the hardest rock the Almighty has put on this earth, and I can find no sign on it"

www.SureDockusa.com
Re: Why cats do this . . . [Re: Lazarus] #6323772
09/13/18 12:41 AM
09/13/18 12:41 AM
Joined: Jan 2007
Posts: 4,050
SW Montana
T
Taximan Offline
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Taximan  Offline
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SW Montana
I've been using rabbit silouhettes for quite a while now.Mine are reversible,cottontail one side,snowshoe on the other.You'd be surprised how many times lions go after them.

Re: Why cats do this . . . [Re: Lazarus] #6323955
09/13/18 04:06 AM
09/13/18 04:06 AM
Joined: Jan 2015
Posts: 198
Utah
L
Lockjaw52 Offline
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Joined: Jan 2015
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Utah
Very informative Lazarus. Sure enjoyed your demo last weekend at the UTA convention. Grabbed some Bobcat drugs and stuff and getting started testing!

Re: Why cats do this . . . [Re: Lazarus] #6323991
09/13/18 09:36 AM
09/13/18 09:36 AM
Joined: Aug 2013
Posts: 3,949
Hickman, Nebraska
jabNE Offline
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jabNE  Offline
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Hickman, Nebraska
Wow very cool post.
Jim


Money cannot buy you happiness, buy it can buy you a trapping license and that's pretty close.
Re: Why cats do this . . . [Re: Lazarus] #6323993
09/13/18 09:42 AM
09/13/18 09:42 AM
Joined: Dec 2006
Posts: 2,094
Maine
M
Mac Offline
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Mac  Offline
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Maine
Thank you Lazarus. Awesome insights to one of the most interesting critters. Thanks for the insights and making me think.
Mac




Re: Why cats do this . . . [Re: Lazarus] #6324012
09/13/18 10:40 AM
09/13/18 10:40 AM
Joined: May 2010
Posts: 14,415
potter co. p.a.
P
pcr2 Online content
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potter co. p.a.
He's the cat whisperer. wink


quality over quantity

Hickory Garden Farms
Re: Why cats do this . . . [Re: Lazarus] #6324017
09/13/18 10:53 AM
09/13/18 10:53 AM
Joined: Dec 2006
Posts: 3,795
Philippines,,ohio
west river rogue Offline
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Philippines,,ohio
great read.


http://philippinebolomachete.weebly.com/ 52 yrs trapping on 2 continents and 5 states usa
Re: Why cats do this . . . [Re: Lazarus] #6324040
09/13/18 11:53 AM
09/13/18 11:53 AM
Joined: Jan 2018
Posts: 179
Kansas
R
Rcates Offline
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Rcates  Offline
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R

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Posts: 179
Kansas
Very interesting!

Re: Why cats do this . . . [Re: Lazarus] #6324172
09/13/18 02:50 PM
09/13/18 02:50 PM
Joined: Dec 2015
Posts: 456
Northern Missouri
Northmocats Offline
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Northmocats  Offline
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Northern Missouri
Great Read and Valuable info.

Re: Why cats do this . . . [Re: Lazarus] #6324188
09/13/18 03:20 PM
09/13/18 03:20 PM
Joined: Aug 2018
Posts: 221
Central, NY
O
odiferous Offline
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Central, NY
Very informative read, thank you.

I had this difference in hunting styles impressed on me while following tracks in the snow. The cats had more of a tendency to hunt right through the thick stuff and I've seen where coyotes and fox too, would circle outside of the thicker areas and down wind trying to pick up scent in the thickets and slamming on the breaks and going into sneak mode when they do. I've followed their tracks to where they took a big jump and caught rabbits after all this.

Thanks again Lazarus. The info you pass along here, is much appreciated.


Bob ~ AKA The Skunk Whisperer
Re: Why cats do this . . . [Re: Lazarus] #6324201
09/13/18 03:49 PM
09/13/18 03:49 PM
Joined: Oct 2017
Posts: 339
Wisconsin
V
virgil1972 Offline
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Wisconsin
Very nice read. I did not know all that.

Re: Why cats do this . . . [Re: Lazarus] #6324217
09/13/18 04:20 PM
09/13/18 04:20 PM
Joined: Oct 2015
Posts: 675
Maine
M
mainer Offline
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Posts: 675
Maine
Great content and well written, Laz! The "arms race" metaphor is a nice way of illustrating the co-evolution of predator/prey species, especially in terms of behavior. Thank you!


"...in a very few days we succeeded in taking over one hundred beaver, the skins of which were worth ten dollars per pound."
Jim Beckwourth (1856)
Re: Why cats do this . . . [Re: Lazarus] #6324236
09/13/18 04:52 PM
09/13/18 04:52 PM
Joined: Dec 2006
Posts: 5,233
WA
Vinke Offline
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Vinke  Offline
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WA
Where can I buy the audiobook on this post


Living life like a dog with a stick


Re: Why cats do this . . . [Re: Lazarus] #6324239
09/13/18 04:53 PM
09/13/18 04:53 PM
Joined: Feb 2010
Posts: 6,158
pa
H
hippie Online content
trapper
hippie  Online Content
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pa
We be toys and stuff

Re: Why cats do this . . . [Re: Lazarus] #6325138
09/14/18 09:56 PM
09/14/18 09:56 PM
Joined: Dec 2006
Posts: 175
MI
G
glf Online content
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MI
One reason for their slow gait has to do with how they detect prey. Cats, and most every other predator, visually detect prey.

I have watched cats hunt. I think they also listen closely for prey sounds. They also use their nose more than most give them credit for.

Just my observation.

Thank you for sharing. I have learned a lot from your posts.

Re: Why cats do this . . . [Re: Lazarus] #6325159
09/14/18 10:32 PM
09/14/18 10:32 PM
Joined: Dec 2011
Posts: 5,227
MT
snowy Offline
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snowy  Offline
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MT
That was good.

Re: Why cats do this . . . [Re: glf] #6325169
09/14/18 10:55 PM
09/14/18 10:55 PM
Joined: Mar 2012
Posts: 1,607
Nevadafornia
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Lazarus Online content OP
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Lazarus  Online Content OP
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Nevadafornia
Originally Posted By: glf
One reason for their slow gait has to do with how they detect prey. Cats, and most every other predator, visually detect prey.

I have watched cats hunt. I think they also listen closely for prey sounds. They also use their nose more than most give them credit for.

Just my observation.

Thank you for sharing. I have learned a lot from your posts.


Agreed. Watch those ears when they hunt . . . they are constantly turning like radar towers, always listening for the slightest sound.


For SILVER VINE and the latest in visual attractors:
www.wyldwingsproductions.com
Re: Why cats do this . . . [Re: Lazarus] #6326668
09/16/18 10:21 PM
09/16/18 10:21 PM
Joined: Feb 2007
Posts: 412
VA
coolbrze Offline
trapper
coolbrze  Offline
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Posts: 412
VA
Good info. Got a bunch of bobcats on trail cam this year on a new property. Going to hit them hard this Winter, well at least try to...

Re: Why cats do this . . . [Re: Lazarus] #6326952
09/17/18 02:58 AM
09/17/18 02:58 AM
Joined: Dec 2006
Posts: 812
Western Colorado
C
coloradocat Offline
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Posts: 812
Western Colorado
Great job mister!!!!! Good read.


Colorado Search and Rescue- Interfering with natural selection since 1976
Re: Why cats do this . . . [Re: Lazarus] #6328810
09/19/18 08:29 PM
09/19/18 08:29 PM
Joined: Mar 2012
Posts: 1,607
Nevadafornia
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Lazarus Online content OP
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Nevadafornia
Here are some examples of common patterns that I imagine cats are on the lookout for as they hunt.



Last edited by Lazarus; 09/19/18 08:37 PM.

For SILVER VINE and the latest in visual attractors:
www.wyldwingsproductions.com
Re: Why cats do this . . . [Re: Lazarus] #6328813
09/19/18 08:37 PM
09/19/18 08:37 PM
Joined: Mar 2012
Posts: 1,607
Nevadafornia
L
Lazarus Online content OP
trapper
Lazarus  Online Content OP
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Nevadafornia
And my attempts to mimic nature.

Top: Chukar
Lower left: Guinea
Lower Right: Turkey



For SILVER VINE and the latest in visual attractors:
www.wyldwingsproductions.com
Re: Why cats do this . . . [Re: Lazarus] #6328825
09/19/18 09:01 PM
09/19/18 09:01 PM
Joined: Mar 2014
Posts: 3,823
N.C MO
T
TONY.F Offline
trapper
TONY.F  Offline
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T

Joined: Mar 2014
Posts: 3,823
N.C MO
Tracy that's ingenius I saw the ones Michael bought! I thought that guy is a genius! No more water logged feathers!


LIVE LIFE LIKE THEIR IS NO TOMMORROW
Re: Why cats do this . . . [Re: Lazarus] #6328857
09/19/18 09:56 PM
09/19/18 09:56 PM
Joined: Feb 2014
Posts: 15,597
nm
A
adam m Offline
trapper
adam m  Offline
trapper
A

Joined: Feb 2014
Posts: 15,597
nm
Those are cool. What are those on?

Re: Why cats do this . . . [Re: Lazarus] #6328860
09/19/18 10:02 PM
09/19/18 10:02 PM
Joined: Mar 2012
Posts: 1,607
Nevadafornia
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Lazarus Online content OP
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Lazarus  Online Content OP
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Nevadafornia
5 lb Tyvek


For SILVER VINE and the latest in visual attractors:
www.wyldwingsproductions.com
Re: Why cats do this . . . [Re: Lazarus] #6328960
09/20/18 12:52 AM
09/20/18 12:52 AM
Joined: Feb 2014
Posts: 15,597
nm
A
adam m Offline
trapper
adam m  Offline
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A

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nm
Sweet. Looks good

Re: Why cats do this . . . [Re: Lazarus] #6329045
09/20/18 02:39 AM
09/20/18 02:39 AM
Joined: Mar 2011
Posts: 17,390
williams,mn
trapper les Offline
trapper
trapper les  Offline
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williams,mn
Great read !


"Those who hammer their guns into plowshares will plow for those who do not."
Re: Why cats do this . . . [Re: Lazarus] #6329051
09/20/18 02:44 AM
09/20/18 02:44 AM
Joined: Apr 2012
Posts: 1,475
Muskrat Lake,Saskatchewan
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saskbone Offline
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Muskrat Lake,Saskatchewan
Meow! Tracey my cats thank you! Me not so much lol

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